Guitar building is a very complicated procedure which includes many independent processes. The most important of these are knowledge, patience and a sense of esthetics.
All these factors affect the guitar in meeting all the expectations of a musician.
It is impossible to make a superior instrument without a detailed knowledge of its construction, materials and tools used, skills of wood processing using just basic chisels and advanced electrical tools (routers, planers, and band saws).
A guitar is exclusively made of wood so that the choice of which type of wood is essential. A lot of factors indicate if a particular piece of wood has the ability to be a guitar building material (in other words if it can be considered as a resonant wood). The most important variables are the wood density and the modulus of elasticity (stiffness).
In theory the proper resonant wood should be seasoned for no less than 5 years, but for the master class violins, cellos, double basses it should be no less than 20 years. Another very important element is the humidity of the wood and the relative humidity of the workshop. The wood humidity shouldn't be higher than 6% and the relative humidity of the workshop should range from 40-55%.
It is worth your time to learn how our guitars are built. Let's start at the neck. Bonding different kinds of wood together not only makes the guitar more resonant but creates and an aesthetic beauty. That form of neck construction reduces the possibility of warping. As a result of that laminating, each piece of neck wood works against each other making the entire neck much more stable.
A non-laminated neck is not as stable as a laminated one making more frequent truss road nut adjustments necessary. Making the neck, it is worth to depart from the traditional approach in neck making, especially the kinds of wood the neck is made of, that can produce a unique sound.
Besides the most common kinds of wood we can use like maple, mahogany or even walnut, many different kinds of wood can successfully be used as well, depending on the kind of sound we wish to achieve.
If we want to obtain a warmer, mellower sound we would prefer, a soft kind of wood - in other words the less dense wood like a European maple, rather than North American ones that gives a colder, brighter sound. The general rule is less dense wood gives a warmer sound than more dense wood.
Maple from North America (i.e. beard's eye maple), beech wood, hornbeam (iron wood), or ash sound rather cold not mellow as do maples from Europe. Our necks are generally made of maple from Europe. For example apple wood, wenge, badi and others are to strengthen and make the neck more durable to prevent the neck from twisting and warping it also makes the neck more decorative.